the town is spread along the massif of the High Tatras 67km in lenght, 39 816.3
ha, the largest village in Slovakia, the northern part of Eastern Slovakia, the
Prešov region, approximately 100km to the west of Prešov, the Poprad district.
1010m above sea level (Starý Smokovec), the whole city 715 – 2655m above sea level. The part Štrbské Pleso in height 1355m above sea level is the highest laid seat in Slovakia, the observatory at the Lomnický štít is the highest laid building.
The town is created from the west to the east by these parts: Podbanské, Štrbské Pleso, Vyšné Hágy, Nová Polianka, Tatranská Polianka, Tatranské Zruby, Nový Smokovec, Dolný Smokovec, Horný Smokovec, Tatranská Lesná, Tatranská Lomnica, Tatranské Matliare, Kežmarské Žľaby,Tatranská Kotlina.
Municipal parts are situated under the Tatran mountains between the Podtatranská hollow and the High Tatras. The highest laid part is the Štrbské Pleso (1355m above sea level), the lowest is the Tatranská hollow (760m above sea level). The area is drained by mountain flumes to the Poprad river, from the Podbanský brook by the Belá river to the Váh river. The area belongs to temperate and wet climate, the average annual temperature 4.7 degrees Celsius in Starý Smokovec, the average annual rainfall is 944mm. In the terrier of the town is the highest point of the Slovak Republik (Gerlachovský peak – štít, 2 655m above sea level), the largest and the deepest lake in Slovakia (Veľké Hincovo pleso, 20.1ha, 53m at the depth), peak of Lomnický peak (2 632 m above sea level) is a place with the lowest average annual temperature(-3.7°C), the Zbojnícka cottage (1 960m at its altitude) is a locality with the highest average annual rainfall (2 130mm).
View of Tatran peaks
Pozoruhodnosti, rarity, zaujímavosti
The High Tatras are considered the lowest great mountain range in the world
and are unique thanks to man access from the area under the hills to the high
mountain zone of natural park TANAP with an unique flora and fauna and with
very clear air in a very short time. Extraordinary natural and climatic conditions designate this area for climatic healing, recreation and sport.
The centres of tourism are the following:
Štrbské Pleso (1 355m above sea level -
a centre of climatic healing (the highest laid climatic spa in Slovakia) and a
centre of classic ski-disciplines. It is organised here some sports undertakings
of world importance. The village was founded in the year 1873 at Štrbské
pleso, the second largest tarm on the Slovak side of the High Tatras. A very
often destination of tourists coming to this area is the Symbolic cemetery
consecrated to the honour of victims in the Mengusovská valley.
Starý Smokovec (1 010m above sea level) -
the oldest Tatran village situated on the foot of Slavkovský peak. It was
founded by the Earl Štefan Czáky at the Smokovecký mineral spring in the year
1793. It is an administrative centre of the town, seat of Tatran mountain
service of the National association of mountain conductors and seat of other
important organizations. The spa healing is concentrated in Nový Smokovec. The
architectural dominant of the habitation is the Grand hotel built in the year
1904. In like manner will draw tourist´s attention many well-preserved bay-work
buildings. Smokovec is a suitable starting-point for some mountain tours – the
Studenovodské waterfalls, the Obrovský waterfall and mountain cottages. In
Starý Smokovec is a station of ground cable railway which connects the
habitation with scenic place Hrebienok.
Tatranská Lomnica (850m above sea level) -
is a tourist place created below the massif of Lomnický peak. The first written
mention originates from the year 1892. There is a museum of TANAP with an
exposition of Tatran flora and fauna. The architectural decorations of the
habitation are the Lomnica hotel from the year 1893 and the Grand hotel Praha
from the year 1895. The village is a seat of the protection organisations. The
mountain traffic facilities connect the habitation with Skalnaté pleso. At
Lomnický peak is situated the highest laid observatory in Central Europe and an
associate station of Slovak academy of sciencies (Slovenská akadémia vied).
There are 8 800 beds and 9 600 chairs together in addition to 3 200 seasonal in
the facilities of tourism. Attractive for tourists is an occasion of climbs to
the mountain cottages: Chata pod Soliskom, Chata Popradské pleso, Rainerova
chata, Zbojnícka chata, Téryho chata, Chata pri Zelenom plese, Chata
Plesnivec. Some tourists visit the Belianska
cave in the Tatranská hollow, too, because of its positive climatic effect
for sensitive affections. The High Tatras want to welcome visitors with a wide
offer of services of tourist facilities in the summer and in the winter.